Chick body temperature regulation ability is poor, lower than adult chicken body temperature 3 Â°C, chicks thin villi, thin skin, less subcutaneous fat, poor insulation capacity, body temperature regulation function to be gradually improved after 2 weeks of age, so maintain proper temperature in the fall brooding It is essential for the health and normal development of chicks.
It is directly related to the appropriate temperature of the environment for the chicks to feed on the amount of drinking water, various physiological activities in the body, whether the digestion and absorption of feed is normal, and the resistance to diseases. When the temperature is too low, the chicks are chilly and intensive, affecting the absorption of yolk, affecting the ability to resist disease, and sometimes causing colds and diarrhea. In severe cases, they are squeezed together to cause a lot of injuries and death. If the temperature is too high, it will affect the normal metabolism of the chicks, loss of appetite, weak constitution, developmental delay, causing spasms, but also susceptible to colds and respiratory diseases.
In autumn, the temperature is low and the temperature difference between day and night is relatively large. Therefore, the younger the chick is, the higher the temperature stability is. The temperature difference in the initial day should be controlled within 3Â°C, and the temperature difference should be controlled within 6Â°C in the later period of brooding, so as to avoid significant loss of production due to temperature instability.
To judge whether the temperature is appropriate, you can't just look at the display of the thermometer. You should observe the performance temperature of the chicks. When appropriate, the chicks are evenly spread in the brooding room. The spirit is lively, the appetite is good, the drinking water is moderate, and when the temperature is low, it is near the heat source. Sound; chicks away from heat when overheated, stretch their wings and wheezing, squeaking.
In addition, temperature control should be flexibly controlled based on changes in the flock and the weather:
1. It is possible to slightly lower the temperature of the strong chicks. In the proper temperature range, the temperature is lower and the temperature is higher. The chicks have large feed intake, large amounts of exercise, and fast growth.
2. At night, because the activity of the chicks is small, the temperature should be 1Â°C~2Â°C higher than the daytime.
3. The temperature should be properly increased when the autumn cold hits.
4. When severance and vaccination cause more stimulation to the flock, it is also necessary to raise the brooding temperature to reduce the loss.
5. When the chick population is in poor condition and is in a state of illness or illness, the temperature should be raised appropriately.
The heating time in autumn should be longer, but in order to welcome the coming winter, the temperature should be appropriately lowered to improve the chicken's adaptability to temperature. It is generally reduced by 0.3Â°C to 0.7Â°C per day, and it can also be reduced by about 3Â°C â€‹â€‹per week. When the temperature of brooding is reduced to the lowest temperature during the day, heating during the day can be stopped. When the temperature of the brooding at night falls to the minimum temperature at night, the night heating can be stopped.
Intravenous simply means "within vein" (or "inside the vein"). Therapies administered intravenously are often included in the designation of specialty drugs. Intravenous infusions are commonly referred to as drips because many systems of administration employ a drip chamber, which prevents air from entering the blood stream (air embolism), and allows an estimation of flow rate.
Intravenous therapy may be used to correct electrolyte imbalances, to deliver medications, for blood transfusion or as fluid replacement to correct, for example, dehydration. Intravenous therapy can also be used for chemotherapy.
Compared with other routes of administration, the intravenous route is the fastest way to deliver fluids and medications throughout the body. The bioavailability of the medication is 100% in IV therapy.
Intravenous infusions are fluid solutions administered through a vein. There are numerous different types of solutions available, but they can be broken down into simple categories depending on the function they serve. Some replace lost fluids, and others provide nutrients, replace lost blood, and deliver medications.
One of the most common uses for intravenous infusions is to replenish fluids lost through dehydration. These infusions often contain normal saline solution, a combination of sterile water and sodium chloride. This solution is known as an isotonic crystalloid, or a solution that contains the same amount of electrolytes as plasma in the body. It is used in cases of moderate to severe dehydration, such as that caused by vomiting or diarrhea, when replacing the fluids quickly is vital.
When a patient`s gastrointestinal tract is compromised and nutrients cannot be absorbed - or eating can worsen the condition - intravenous infusions called total parenteral nutrition may be given. These solutions contain a mix of sterile water, electrolytes, sugar, proteins, fats, and other nutrients, depending on the needs of the patient. Diseases and disorders that commonly require total parenteral nutrition include late stages of Crohn`s disease, obstructive bowel disorder, and ulcerative colitis.
Intravenous infusions are also used to deliver medication directly to the blood stream. Certain medications, such as intravenous immunoglobulin, a type of antibody, can only be given through the vein. Other medications, such as certain narcotic pain relievers, are given intravenously because the method allows them to they work faster than when taken orally. Chemotherapy for treatment of cancer is also typically given intravenously.
When performed by a medical professional, intravenous infusions are typically safe. The most common reaction is mild pain and redness at the site of the injection, although different medications may cause different side effects. Any time the skin is punctured, there is a risk of infection. Having a medical professional, typically a nurse, monitor the intravenous infusion and change the injection site when irritation is evident can help prevent complications.
IV Infusion, Glucose IV Infusion,Intravenous Infusion
NOUVASANT PHARMhealth LTD. , https://www.nouvasant.com